INTERIOR STYLES
Here you can familiarize yourself with all the existing styles in the interior.
AVANT-GUARD: STYLE INNOVATION
The avant-garde style moved from art to interiors at the beginning of the 20th century. This innovative direction involves the use of the most modern materials and household appliances, unusual furniture and the skillful use of color palette to stylize the premises.
The contrast in the decoration of the walls, windows and doorways of an unusual shape, illuminated niches and custom-made furniture are just a few of the interesting details that characterize this unusual style.
Do you like a rich color palette, original decor and non-trivial combinations? - then this style will interest you!
ENGLISH STYLE: RESPECTABLE CONTENT
It is not difficult to recreate the environment in which Sherlock Holmes, Bernard Shaw and Laurence Olivier lived. The English style will suit both an extensive home ownership and an ordinary apartment. The main thing is to observe the basic principles: conservatism, homeliness, elegance. It should be remembered that the style was formed a long time ago, and therefore antiquities - a slightly shabby carpet, a mirror in a bronze frame or a painting - will emphasize its origins. If we are talking about a house, then a hall is welcome, you cannot do without a fireplace, real or artificial. Another important attribute is the library. When choosing between fashionable and natural materials, give preference to wood and stone. Parquet, however, can be replaced with tiles "like wood", and the walls can be pasted over with wallpaper in a discreet strip, painted in fawn, milky, saffron colors, or sheathed with panels. The English style loves furniture: Chesterfield sofas, secretaire, wicker armchairs, dressers, desk and tea table, sideboard, grandfather clock and other old-fashioned items. A chandelier in a dwelling has an auxiliary role, lighting functions are mainly performed by two-arm sconces, floor lamps and table lamps. Traditionally, there is a lot of textiles: solid carpets, heavy curtains, long, floor-length tablecloths, and, of course, blankets. There is a place in the house for trinkets: family heirlooms, caskets, smoking pipes, souvenirs, as if brought from the colonies. The English house does not tolerate empty shelves and countertops: on any horizontal plane, cute little things should flaunt.
ANTIQUE STYLE: ENVY OF THE GODS
Ancient Hellas and the Roman Empire are a cult of beauty, scope and power. Therefore, housing in the antique style looks grand and majestic. Such an interior requires space, because the main task is to create an atrium inside, which means that you cannot do without colonnades and a vault. Doric, Ionic, Corinthian columns (or rather, their imitation) can frame doors, mirrors, and stand by the bed. The walls of the antique house are decorated with bas-reliefs, niches are arranged in which vases or statues are displayed. Surfaces are covered with plaster or paint in saturated shades of blue, green and gold in combination with white; in the hallway, bathroom and kitchen use marbled tiles. The ideal ceiling is in the form of a dome, painted, decorated with stucco; the floors are smooth, polished. Furniture in the house of antique style wooden: trapezoidal tables, chairs with characteristic curved legs, benches, couches, curbstones, chests with mosaic inserts. The light is diffused (lamps in the form of torches are advisable), the windows are draped with Roman curtains, the details are various antique symbols: amphorae, figurines of griffins and sphinxes, figurines of mythical heroes.
EMPIRE: IMPERIAL SCALE
This style is also called palace style. Coming into fashion under Napoleon, he personified victory and triumph. Ambitious, proud and luxuriant, this is his "signature" in design. Empire style interior features - a painted ceiling and patterned floor, status furniture arranged according to a special, palace etiquette, large mirrors, decorations in the form of items of military glory (shields, laurel wreaths, armor, swords, swords). Acceptable materials are noble wood, polished tiles, expensive, heavy fabrics. Banned plastic, rough stone, paper wallpaper. The ceilings are high, with paintings and medallions, the walls are covered with stucco. On the cornices there are figurines of the ancient Greek Nike and Roman Victoria, bows and arrows, eight-pointed stars, coats of arms and heraldic elements. White, gold, amethyst or sapphire colors reign. Furniture made of wood of the same species, monumental, with stately contours. A round table on a carved, inlaid support, glass display cabinets with porcelain, exclusive musical instruments are required, copies of antique artifacts are appropriate. From textiles, only carpets, tapestries and paths of purple or wine shades, furniture upholstery, curtains and curtains to match are allowed. The lighting is provided by huge chandeliers and lamps, stylized as antique lamps. Specificity - large portraits of ancestors and household members in costumes befitting the era.
ARABIC STYLE: LUXURY OF THE EAST
The Arabic style will create a comfortable and rich environment at home. Delicate geometric patterns, lines and intricate ornaments are used throughout, giving the spaces a distinct aesthetic. The style is characterized by rich lighting and color palette. The furniture is mostly made of dark wood and decorated with carvings. Sideboards, footrests, an ottoman, a low sofa and a table, a canopy bed are required. The Arabic style offers some privacy, which is why it does not have the trendy European open floor plans.
ART DECO (ART DECO): QUINTESSENCE OF LUXURY
Bohemianism and pretentiousness - this is how, in a nutshell, you can describe this style, blossoming like a flower on the ruins of the First World War. The thirst for pleasure and curiosity for the novelties of progress - these are its guidelines. The basic qualities of the Art Deco interior are multi-level ceilings, geometric patterns, interspersed with rare raw materials (ivory, crocodile skin, zebra skin on the floor), lacquered, glossy furniture, a contrasting palette, mirrors in the shape of a radiant sun, expensive fabrics and an abundance of lamps. Art Deco took shape in the era of industrialization, so it is not indifferent to aluminum and chrome, glass and stainless steel. Both parquet boards and ceramic tiles are used to cover the floor, the walls are painted in bright colors or pasted over with wallpaper with a pronounced geometric ornament. The ceiling can be white with gold borders or dark, backlit to give the room a clubbing feel. Decorate the house with vintage posters, avant-garde art, retro figurines, and expensive travel trinkets.
ART-NUVO (AR-NUVO): LUXURY FINE
If you admire Gauguin's exotic landscapes and Vrubel's magical portraits, the languid beauties of Alphonse Mucha and the lines of Gaudí buildings flowing like waterfall streams, then you are a fan of the soft Art Nouveau aesthetics. Smoothly curved, artsy lines are the main principle of this style. Doors and windows, cupboards and fireplaces are given an arched shape, and floral ornament decorating walls, railings, furniture and curtains is a must. Art Nouveau is a technique so picturesque that, in fact, it does not require many third-party details. Such an interior will be especially interesting for people who are extraordinary, self-confident and have impeccable taste.
AFRICAN STYLE: ALL COLORS OF SAVANNA
As you know, the black continent is the ancestral home of man. This must be why the African interior is popular far beyond the hot continent. Everyone can create a "little Africa". The main thing is not to overdo it with accessories that can turn a living space into a branch of an ethnographic museum. Dynamics, expression, flashy color, these are the three pillars on which the idea of African style rests. The walls are painted in shades of clay and sand, burnt soil, dry grass, dense jungle; boldly add ebonite (this can be shelves), spots of scarlet, gold, amber. You can draw figures of animals from the legendary African five (elephant, rhino, lion, leopard and buffalo), paint the walls "under the skin" of a hippo or crocodile, give them a pattern of cracked earth. The furniture is deliberately primitive, ponderous, possibly with colorful painting. Fabrics with "predatory" prints are used for upholstery, and the room is decorated with African masks, wooden dishes, figures of giraffes and antelopes. Lamps - wall-mounted, with the effect of living fire. Hanging rope shelves, bamboo curtains, a rattan chair and a pair of mats add to the African fantasy.
BAROQUE: A GLITTERING ERA
Translated from Italian, the word "baroque" means "whimsical." Having entered into favor with the most extravagant king Louis XIV, this style is in no hurry to leave for good. Baroque interiors are characterized by theatrical pomp, curvature of lines, play of shadows, imposing objects, an abundance of mirrors and carpets. The ceiling is decorated with frescoes and stucco, the walls are covered with panels of mahogany, rosewood or tapestries. Taboo - natural and, moreover, artificial leather, budget and modern finishing products. The characteristic colors for the walls are caramel, coffee, mustard, burgundy. The style is tailored for the nobles, so armchairs, sofas and beds dominate among the pieces of furniture. Corpulent, pompous, with expensive, light-colored drapery, legs-lion's paws, they occupy the most honorable places. There is a lot of textiles: these are not only curtains and curtains with lambrequins, but also canopies decorated with frills and bows. The colors of the fabrics resemble precious metals and stones - gold, ruby, emerald. Crystal chandeliers echo with wall lamps and floor lamps on carved poles. The decor is created by paintings by eminent artists, sets in glass cabinets, busts of ancient thinkers, and gilded vases.
BAUHAUS: A CULT OF FUNCTIONALITY
Formed at the beginning of the twentieth century, this design direction became the rule for those who considered interior luxury a bourgeois relic, vulgarity and tinsel. Bauhaus is characterized by practicality and versatility, simple, rectangular shapes, modern materials and machine technology, a minimum of decorative elements. The interior assumes zoning and different lighting intensities for different parts of the dwelling. Style resources - metal, plastic, glass, to a lesser extent wood and leather. The walls are plastered or pasted over with trellises with an inconspicuous geometric pattern. Linoleum, tiles, laminate are suitable as flooring. The ceiling must be multi-level (in fact, the ceiling of different heights is the know-how of the developers of this style). Furniture is ergonomic, durable and affordable for any pocket. These are, in particular, built-in wardrobes, armchairs without handles, bent tube chairs, transforming tables. The color range is neutral with bright accents (for example, beige and green or gray and red). The role of jewelry is taken on by samples of modern household appliances.
BIEDERMEIER: THE CHARM OF BOURGEOIS
The style has German roots. Emerging in response to the riots and strikes of the 19th century, it symbolized the middle class's desire for stability and peace. Keeping the motives of luxurious historical styles, Biedermeier simplified them, transforming palace qualities into domestic and even partly philistine ones. A Biedermeier home is characterized by integrity, proportionality, geometric simplicity and natural color. Its requisites are a white stove, small sideboards with dishes, wall or grandfather clocks, embroidery, music boxes, figures of shepherdesses, and other sentimental trifles. The walls are decorated with wallpaper in warm colors with a small pattern or sheathed with wooden panels; the floor is covered with parquet or laminate. Furniture is usually made of light wood, with smooth backs and armrests, curved legs, with floral ornaments. Dominated by large round tables, corner cabinets, bureaus and dressing table ...
BIONIC: PROGRESSIVE STYLIZATION
Bionics is a very peculiar style in architecture and interior design. Its essence lies in the close connection between nature and new technological advances. Bionic design in interiors is the most progressive, and at the same time natural and close to nature direction. It is characterized by: predominantly light colors, non-standard zoning techniques, structural structure, design based on the principle of modular structures. Such an outstanding and modern style, any room will make it unique, original, functionally thought out and as comfortable as possible.
BOHO: MOTHERED FREEDOM
Recently, he has boldly stepped from street fashion to home. Liberated, eccentric ... Boho-chic is a godsend for creative individuals, for those who dislike monotony and everyday life. It is characterized by colorfulness, eclecticism, a large number of textiles and hand-made items. Walls can be pasted over or painted, guided by your own taste and wallet. Floor - wood or tiles. Boho was created for vintage furniture, but modern sofas, wicker armchairs, chairs with wrought-iron backs will get along just fine with it. Patchwork rugs, rugs, coarse knitted rugs, bedspreads and patchwork capes are the highlight of the style. Throw pillows, bolsters and blankets look like objects of modern abstract art: they can be looked at like paintings. It is advisable to paint the lampshades by hand, and stick children's drawings on the walls, place crafts on the shelves, because boho is a genre in which everyone is an artist himself.
BRUTALISM (NEOBRUTALISM): DISPUTE BUT FAIR
The slogan of this style is consistency and assertiveness. Typical details are decorative ceiling beams, brickwork, concrete and stone, uncoated surfaces and pipes. Carpeting is permissible on the floor, but its color should not be knocked out of the cement-stone range. The color palette is restrained. The pieces of furniture are massive, brutal in appearance.
VENETIAN STYLE: VISITING THE DOGE
He's an alien from the Renaissance. From the time when artists, sculptors and architects tried to surpass each other, creating true masterpieces. Features of the style - twisted columns, marble (or its imitation) on the floor, a complex range of shades, voluminous decor, golden and silver elements, Venetian mirrors, openwork forging, carpets. The walls are covered with Venetian plaster, silk-screen printing or baroque painting is used. It is permissible to cover the floors with ceramic marbled tiles. A mosaic is required in the bathroom. The furniture is wooden, light in color, imposing and stable, with a masterly finish. By time and place bookcases, antique maps and globes. The upholstery is dominated by velvet, silk and tapestries. The walls are decorated with copies of famous Italian painters, and the mantelpiece is decorated with candelabra, Venetian masks, and Murano glass vases.
VERSAILLES: CAPRICE OF THE MONARCH
He combines the pompousness of a royal chamber with the dignity of a king. The Versailles style is based on the theses of the Baroque. And its individual feature is the uniqueness of each piece of furniture. Everything from an armchair to a soup spoon should have a story of its own. Alas, the Versailles style cannot be recreated by purchasing pieces of furniture and so on in the nearest supermarket. Basic colors - pearl gray, gold, turquoise, lilac. The walls are covered with matte paint, decorative plaster, the floors are decorated with parquet boards or artistic laminate, which imitates valuable wood and is called "versailles". Indispensable accessories in such a dwelling are a Voltaire armchair, a sofa and a secretaire. You can make the living room look like a salon by choosing furniture with rounded edges and draping the walls with translucent fabrics. It is better to decorate the "Versailles" living room not very abundantly: vases and figurines made of ivory, onyx, crystal or purebred wood are suitable for this purpose.
VICTORIAN STYLE: NOBLE FLUFF
During the Queen Victoria years, Britain became the richest empire. The rise of industry, new railways and sea routes, travel to the colonies were all reflected in the interior design of the time. Victorian style is a synthesis of classic proportions, elements of Gothic, Baroque and oriental, colonial exoticism. For example, the library is decorated in a Gothic style, the living room is decorated in Indian or Chinese tastes, and the rococo reigns in the bedroom. Walls can be pasted over with embossed wallpaper, outlines of flowers and birds, or fabric tapestries with painting from oak, fern leaves. Not a bad idea - matte wood panels. For the floor, parquet or tiles with a "wood" texture are preferable. The living room is furnished with antique furniture, one of the corners is made "green" by placing tubs with room flora in it. The central object is a fireplace with a forged grate; you cannot imagine a Victorian house without tall mirrors in spectacular baguettes, a desk with pencil holders, armchairs and a tea table. Color scheme - shades of brown, cherry with fragments of green, lavender, almond shades.
VINTAGE: BLUES STYLE APARTMENT
With this word - vintage - the French call rare wines released in the most successful, fruitful years. And in interior design, vintage is the setting of the past, as a rule, from the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century. However, the style is not constrained by any boundaries: if you wish, you can recreate the image of a dwelling of the 40s, 60s, and 80s ... After all, vintage is a tool that allows a person to choose their own time. His noticeable touches are natural materials (wood, ceramics, forging), a touch of antiquity on objects, black and white photos, things "from the attic" (old records, books in worn bindings, dolls that our grandmothers may have played with), and also fresh flowers. Vintage does not have strict requirements for finishing materials. Yes, he does not accept ultra-modern technologies, however, he does not ask for expensive wood and natural stone. Since the style is decorative, full of details, it is better to paste over the walls with light, neutral wallpaper or paint. And it's not a sin to cover the floor with carpet. Lighting should be home, diffused, for which they use old floor lamps, lamps under the "hats", sconces. From furniture, a rocking chair, a bed with a high headboard, columns, bumps, a chest of drawers are recommended. You can decorate the kitchen with decoupage boxes for spices, hang a poster found in an old chest in the hallway, and build a pretty table from a shabby sewing machine. Vintage is easy to diversify with details of other related styles - from art deco to country.
ORIENTAL STYLE: BRIGHT AND UNIQUE
The oriental style unites the interiors of many countries in Asia and North Africa, which are very different from each other. Mainly those who are tired of the scarcity of minimalism, who want to surround themselves with Asian luxury and emphasize their high status, as well as people in love with the culture of the East, strive to decorate their home using such an unusual design.
GZHEL: CORNFLOWER AND CHAMOMILE
One of the most popular, distinctive ethnic trends. Its central feature is the accent on white and blue colors, smoothness, "porcelain" textures, objects and details of Russian life. It is not at all necessary that the whole house be covered with blue and white patterns typical for Gzhel. It is possible and necessary to apply this painting technique in dosage: more - in the kitchen, because Gzhel begins on the dishes, in the living room it will be limited to covers on chairs, curtains of white and cobalt colors, and place a floor Gzhel vase in the corner. An excellent option is a fireplace in the form of a Russian stove, covered with white tiles with azure, and in the bedroom there is linen, white and blue linen. Wall colors - white, blue, ash, cool. And you can wooden, "under the hut." The floors are also wooden or tiled with shiny ceramic tiles. The entourage will be complemented by chandeliers and lamps with wrought iron chains and rings, ceramic figurines, lace cushions. The strength of this design is primarily in color: the duet of white and blue is comforting, soothing, and folk ornament is a cultural code.
GEORGIAN STYLE: APLOMBE AND PRESTIGE
Having manifested itself in the years of King George, when classicism was in no hurry to give up its positions, although it was oppressed by Rococo, this style lasted much longer than the monarch who gave it its name. Puritanism of classic lines and riot of rococo - an alliance risky, but unexpectedly effective. Features of the Georgian interior - a traditional fireplace, the presence of mahogany, stucco moldings, colored glass decorations. The walls in such a house, as prescribed by classical norms, were divided into three parts: the basement was sheathed with wooden panels, the middle was covered with fabric or wallpaper, and the upper part was decorated with a frieze and cornices. Parquet floors were waxed or varnished until they shine. For heightened comfort, they used carpets brought from the colonies. Furniture in such a dwelling consists of a single set, all items are solid, practical, but not devoid of charm. From fabrics, velvet, damask, tapestries were preferred. Initially, the house was lit with lanterns and candles, so local, additional lighting plays the first violin in it. Paintings, dishes made of the finest Chinese porcelain, brought from the Celestial Empire by a fan, and silver snuff boxes were considered essential elements. The Georgian setting can be recreated today if the housing is spacious enough. Wallpaper with a "gilded" border, parquet, vinyl "marbled", heavy furniture along the walls, scalloped curtains, candle-shaped lamps, large mirrors ... And also a muted, cloudy color - gray, asparagus, olive - will revive a little prim, but noble Georgian age.
GOTHIC STYLE: SUBMITTED MYSTIC
It's hard to believe that the word "gothic" was once a swearing mockery. This is how the enlightened Venetians, Florentines and Romans of the Renaissance called crude medieval culture. Frighteningly majestic, mysterious, religious - this, in short, is the characteristic of the Gothic style. Gothic in housing is stone, oak, pine or cedar wood, mosaic floors, a spiral staircase, stained glass windows, bronze or forged fittings, high sideboards, tables with a large number of drawers and secret drawers, chests covered in leather. Colors - deep brown, carmine, concentrated blue or yellow. The ceilings in such a monastery are high, often with beams (or their dummy), covered with carvings. The openings of doors and windows are arched, pointed upwards. The walls are decorated with decorative stone, covered with oak panels, tapestry carpets. The floor is covered with mosaic tiles. Scattered lighting, often hidden sources of it are hidden behind stained glass inserts. The backs of the chairs and the head of the beds are also high, reminiscent of the contours of a tower. Chests serve as tables or benches when needed. All furniture is made of gloomy, dark wood. In the bedroom, skins and fur capes are in place. The room is decorated with statuettes made of wood, silver and stone, bronze shandals, knightly cups and armor.
GRANGE: A GORGEOUS REFUGE
This style is an escape from an urban anthill to the countryside, from pretentious apartments to comfortable "nests". It was started by the French rich: tired of high life, they more and more often settled in the wilderness, in cozy houses, but with a laconic atmosphere. The union of prosperity and simplicity is still popular today. It is hardly possible to create grunge on a couple of square meters. This style is the master of spacious rooms, bathed in sunlight. The walls of such a dwelling are often left "naked", decorated with brickwork or sheathed with natural board. On the ceiling, carelessly polished beams of different thicknesses are left for review. The same ingenuousness, handicraft is noticeable on the floor: boards, stone, slabs. In general, the grunge room has such an appearance as if sacks of grain or wine barrels were gathering dust here yesterday. The fabrics are chosen natural, unpretentious. But the furniture is elegant, flowing forms and respected brands. Racks are preferred to wardrobes and sideboards, sliding tables and cabinets to monumental tables. Decorative accents are set with bleached wood, faux scuffs, patina on mirror frames, forged details and primitive animal figurines. A pair of patchwork pillows, a colorful blanket thrown into a chair, and a retro poster on the wall will become bright, final strokes.
GREEK STYLE: SINGLE POEM
Majestic, but moderate, expressive, but simple. Is it possible? - Yes, if we are talking about the Greek style! Color - white, cornflower blue, green, lemon, nut. The ceilings in such a house are high, often with a square or round window, with a baseboard in the form of a meander tape or stucco molding, with supporting columns. The walls are finished with plaster imitating marble, not new masonry. If plaster seems boring to you, you can decorate the walls with painting - on a mythological theme or the theme of the Olympic Games. The openings are stylized as arches, pilasters and baguettes are added. The floor is covered with unglazed tiles, similar to pebbles, sand or shells, and decorated with sheep skins, knitted tracks or craft rugs. Of the furniture, benches with curved legs, cabinets made of light wood, low chairs with forged fragments are required. The kitchen table is large, hospitable, simple in appearance. Of the decorations, one can recommend amphorae, lecythians, wall lamps, figurines of centaurs and nymphs.
EGYPTIAN STYLE: A GREAT HERITAGE
A mesmerizing mixture of simplicity and routine with wealth and luxury, the widespread use of symbolic decor and a special geometry of patterns, recognizable by both the connoisseur and the layman - this is a brief description of the Egyptian style in the interior. The color scheme is made up of rich natural colors: orange, yellow, sand, beige, ivory, blue, light green, red and gold. Only natural finishing materials are used to decorate the dwelling. Egyptian-style furniture is usually massive, stable and comfortable. Legs in the shape of animal paws, chests and chests of drawers, painted or decorated with gilding, with ivory inserts, tables and cabinets with glass top - all this is inherent in the Egyptian style. Textiles are an important attribute. Curtains, pillows, rugs and other products have clear shapes, complemented by the beauty of color and the originality of Egyptian patterns.
INDIAN STYLE: REFINED AND BRIGHT
Indian style in the interior is a close interweaving of simplicity and functionality with luxury and sophistication. In this style, spacious rooms are often decorated, which gives free rein to the implementation of the most daring ideas. The colors in the design are bright, rich, exotic. Warm shades are easily diluted with cold ones, which visually gives the space spaciousness and depth. The furniture is squat, functional and elegant, decorated with carved ornaments and forging. Much attention is paid to textile interior design. Walls, ceilings, canopies are decorated with fabrics of various textures.
INDUSTRIAL STYLE: THE NAKED TRUTH
It is for those who love the rhythms of the city and appreciate every minute. Industrial style (industrial) is a vast area, decoration from simple and modern materials, functional furniture and a minimum of details. Common remedies are metal, concrete, and aged wood. The walls are plastered, tiles are acceptable on the floor. And instead of curtains, it is better to attach roller shutters. Furniture can be the most unexpected items: wine boxes arranged in the form of a table, laboratory shelves as sideboards, ladders instead of shelves. A special chic is to find a use for things that are not only unnecessary, but broken: from an ancient engine to build a support under the tabletop, to turn a car disk into a stool seat. Even old road signs that are attached to the walls are used. The palette suitable for the style is gray, white, brown. Additional - egg yellow, green, plum.
ITALIAN STYLE: SIMPLE BUT REFINED
The key features of the Italian-style interior are the historical motives associated with this country - family and lightness. The interior decorated in Italian style is usually distinguished by simplicity and sophistication. And one of the most important features of this style is the use of natural materials in the decoration, which emphasize the unity with nature. Such an interior also stands out for its focal points. For example, in the bathroom it would be quite appropriate to hang a ceramic mosaic panel depicting a grape valley or azure harbor, an antique mirror, edged with a lush gilded baguette. The living room will be decorated with a multi-tiered Murano glass chandelier or wall engraving, which will immediately attract the attention of your guests and become a key design element. In the bedroom, the central detail can be a rare bookcase made with fittings inlaid with precious metals and is a part of your family's heirloom. Fantasy and knowledge of some of the historical features of Italy will help you make the right choice!
COUNTRY STYLE: SLEEPING SOUL
What is a homely, cozy environment? Most often, she has village roots. By giving a modern home a rural flavor, we recreate the carefree aura of childhood. In such a house, mental wounds are easily healed, and stresses do not leave deep marks. Country style is multinational and varied. After all, each country has its own villages and customs. Let's dwell on the general features. Flashy colors and contrast should be avoided. They also avoid cutting-edge materials, plexiglass and plastic. From furniture it is worth buying not only sofas, table and chairs, but benches, chests, dressers. Don't forget about the lamps under the patterned fabric caps. When decorating the kitchen, they use typical rustic dishes: earthenware jugs, samovars, wooden spoons. Green light and wrought iron grates, cast iron, copper utensils. There is a wide variety of textiles: tables are covered with embroidered tablecloths, chairs with capes, homespun rugs, and the shelves in the sideboard with napkins. Sheep skins, mats, rugs from rags will organically fit into the "grandmother's house". A tub of ficus, pots of geraniums, as well as other favorite flowers will not be strangers in it.
CHINESE STYLE: THE SHINE OF THE UNDERHEAL
Shrouded in secrets, alluring oriental culture is an eternal object of curiosity for us. In response to this interest, the Chinese interior style emerged. The construction of a maid in China house is a whole art. There is nothing accidental in it, "just like that" and nothing unnecessary. The innermost meaning of the Chinese environment is to create an atmosphere of philosophical, unperturbed peace. Important items in the interior are a screen with a finely painted landscape, squat, wooden, carefully lacquered furniture, carved, plywood decorations, light, bamboo partitions. Walls can be plastered or covered with paper wallpaper, invented, by the way, in China. In the absence of bamboo, the floors are covered with dark planks; mat carpet is also suitable. The ceilings in Chinese dwellings are light and multi-level, decorated with wood and equipped with lighting. The most revered color in the country is the color of cinnabar, which promises good luck. Red can be carpet, walls, and even furniture. However, brown, wine, almond are not rejected. Of the accessories in the most honorable places - floor vases, tea sets, fans made of bone or rice straw, bronze dragon figurines, bonsai in pots.
KITCH: HARMONY REVERSE
A piercingly bright, ridiculous, absurd, kitsch for those who have their own opinion on everything, their own assessment and criteria. Rebels and nihilists feel like a fish in water in such an interior. When he appeared in the arena, it is impossible to say for sure. Obviously, kitsch has always existed, because the meaning of the word is bad taste. However, the designers got down to business, turning bad taste into irony, into a mockery of mass fashion. Actually, this is the purpose of the kitsch style. It can only be done by those whose sense of proportion is as keen as the sense of humor. Kitsch has no specific rules. The only wish is not to turn the entire area into a picturesque bedlam, but to confine ourselves to just one room. Special features: wild combinations (for example, a velvet curtain and a plastic chair), artificial flowers, baby dolls, demonstrative disharmony, the presence of "cult" things for the layman - a rug with deer, lurid reproductions, postcards with winking beauties or boxes made of shells.
CLASSIC STYLE: ETERNAL CANONS
В сущности, это целое почтенное семейство старых и даже старинных, проверенных временем стилей. К подобным, вечным образцам относятся античные, все исторические, а также национальные стилистики. Общие свойства – натуральные стройматериалы, правильная геометрия, симметричность, композиционность, связанность между собой всех предметов мебели и декора, несколько источников света, национальный отпечаток. Классика сегодня – колонны, пилястры, лепнина, арочные конструкции, камин с порталом, лиричные, пастельные тона, достаточно много текстиля, картины на стенах, напольные часы, статуэтки и недешевые вазы.
CLASSICISM: THE SPIRIT OF RESIDENCES
It appeared in France when the need arose for the construction and decoration of new imperial apartments. As befits a palace style, classicism relies on the standards of ancient architecture, clear, geometric forms, symmetry and balance of composition. The style favors chic materials - rare stone, precious woods, satin, velvet, silk. The floors are covered with inlaid, mosaic parquet, the walls are covered with fabrics, decorated with decorative plaster, and wallpaper - made of the finest natural fiber - is not prohibited today. The ceilings are high, equipped with plafonds and stucco cornices. As a rule, they are supported by columns and semi-columns. Colors - jubilant, delicate colors: enamel blue, pearl pink, vanilla, lilac. Upholstery and curtains in a more muted color. Chandeliers and lamps, if not crystal, then of thin, precious glass. The furniture is shaped, elegant, but not particularly pretentious: a secretaire with a cubic body, armchairs with gilding and stripe upholstery, sofas covered with tapestries, dressers with marble countertops. From the decorative paraphernalia it is necessary to recall mirrors, porcelain vases and paintings. What is unacceptable? Cheap alloys and, moreover, plastic, bold, eye-catching colors, a pile of jewelry.
COLONIAL STYLE: EXOTIC IDENTITY
Colonial style is a combination of exoticism, sophistication and comfort; synthesis of European traditions and oriental luxury. This distinctive design assumes scope in everything: large windows, high ceilings, spacious rooms. Only natural materials are used in the decoration. The furniture is solid, reliable, often decorated with ethnic patterns. Wicker furniture is also relevant. The style is characterized by light colors and abundant lighting.
CONSERVATISM: OLD-FASHIONED GOOD ORDER
If you are a couch potato and are wary of all sorts of surprises, then most likely you are a conservative and this style was created for you. In a house dominated by conservative orders, everything is familiar, everywhere familiar, necessary things. Conservatism is the enemy of confusion, all objects are in "familiar" places and are inherited. The building and finishing repertoire of this style is durable materials, natural or made of high-quality synthetics. Furniture can be finished with stained wood veneer. The windows are cleaned with simple curtains without a pattern, the walls are covered with wallpaper in warm colors: creamy, walnut, pear. A fireplace begs for such a house, on the shelves of which you can place black and white photos of the patriarchs of the family, thereby emphasizing the connection between generations. Wall lamps are also indispensable, as this interior needs soft, dimmed light.
CONSTRUCTIVISM: UNION OF GLASS AND METAL
His parent is considered the avant-garde movement that separated the art of the 19th century from the 20th century. "Nothing superfluous", with this slogan the constructivist style came and became firmly established. Its manifestations are the geometry of the room, high functionality of pieces of furniture and even decor items, movable partitions, natural lighting, poor colors. The walls are covered with faceless plaster, the ceiling is also plastered, or backlit panels are reinforced on it. The floors were covered with parquet, today linoleum and laminate are acceptable. Materials - veneer, metal, glass, durable plastic. A table is made in order to dine at it, a chair to sit, a bed to sleep - this is the attitude of constructivism to furniture. That is, no bends and squiggles - everything is on the case. And the decorations, you ask? A black and white print on the wall and a glass vase on the windowsill will suffice. Few? But constructivism is available to everyone and is suitable for a home of any size.
CONTEMPORARI: PRACTICAL AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY
Modernity, self-sufficiency, democracy are the credo of this style. Its main principles are classic, proportional shapes and lines, lightness of furniture, the presence of built-in wardrobes, shelves and shelves, materials and objects of mass production, zoning of space with furniture, different heights of the ceiling and floor, screens. Finishing materials are inexpensive, synthetic. The walls are covered with wallpaper with a geometric pattern or painted. The floor is covered with laminate. On the windows - blinds, single-layer curtains or roller blinds. The furniture is low, cabinet-type, the chandeliers are uncomplicated, carob, the floor is decorated with carpets in the style of the 70s. In principle, there are no complaints about color: furniture can be clear, dark, or saturated tones, the ceiling and walls are often light, decorated with photo wallpapers or posters. Contemporary eagerly accepts decorative features of various styles: ethnic souvenirs, English blankets, Chinese vases. The main thing is moderation and accuracy.
LOUNGE STYLE: NIRVANA ON CUSHIONS
Lazy, idle relaxation, that's what the lounge is. His biography is very short, because he was formed recently. The main message of the lounge style is to organize the space in such a way that the owner of the home gets maximum peace and pleasure from relaxation. It is not in vain that not only designers, but also psychologists, and also design engineers worked on the development of the style. The central hero of the interior is the most comfortable sofa, which takes the shape of the body, easily "flowing" into bed, then into an armchair, or just into a pillow. A "reasonable" object should, however, have a special shelf: really, a sluggard shouldn't get up to have a cup of coffee? Armchairs-bags, soft chaise lounges and other, extremely comfortable, pleasant to the touch items - this is the basis of the house-lounge. The lines of the interior, of course, are smooth, rounded, because it is such a person who relaxes, pacifies, lulls him to sleep. The colors are idyllic, not disturbing to the eyes. The interior is not overloaded with details. Multifunctional sofa and household appliances that are easy to operate without leaving the sofa ...
LOFT: INDUSTRIAL GLAMOR
Although this word means "attic", it is not at all about how to equip an attic. Loft is a trend in interior design, with the help of which abandoned industrial structures are adapted for expensive, elite housing: workshops, hangars, garages. At the same time, the loft combines the old (concrete walls, stairs, beams, ventilation and pipes) and the current (upholstered, furniture, mirrors, the latest technology) into a stylish, single ensemble. The interior of the loft is characterized by the complete absence of internal partitions, a high ceiling characteristic of an industrial structure, zoning using contrasting colors, pipes, shafts, cables and other factory "dowry" as a decor. Materials - concrete, brickwork, rough plaster, ceramic tiles on the floor. Furniture serves not only for its intended purpose, but divides the room into a work area and a recreation area. The owners of the first loft-style studios were artists, which was reflected in the design tradition: the harsh gray walls are enlivened with stains of paintings, the concrete floor is softened by fluffy carpets. Is it easy to create a loft with your own hands? - Yes, if the dwelling is spacious and, mainly, high. Part of the walls is cleaned to the old brickwork, part is covered with putty, another part is painted in a lead tone, thus obtaining three spatial zones for different functions. Heating systems, plumbing and other communications protrude, painted in silver. Passages are left between the walls and furniture, which should not be much. Mandatory metal shelving, "office" armchairs on wheels, leather sofas. From the decor, graffiti, colorful posters, huge photos, textured wooden boxes and barrels are recommended. Paintings are often left either on tripods or leaning against walls.
MAURITAN STYLE: ORIENTAL FAIRY TALE
Moorish style in interior design can be quite multifaceted and interesting, but always extremely proportional. The colorfulness in the Moorish interior comes from the Arabian decor and ornaments on authentic textiles, while the design is based on European ones: symmetry, furniture and principles of organizing living space.
MANGA: FANTASY WORLD
The main feature of the manga style is the attachment to the anime theme. As a rule, the idea (plot) of a comic or cartoon is taken as a basis, in accordance with which the design of the room is made, materials, furniture items, decor and colors are selected. In general, such an interior looks simple and minimalistic, but the main thing in a manga style is to create a special spirit of anime. And this requires creativity, courage in ideas and design solutions. Thanks to the fantasy and creative design, the Manga style will be an excellent solution for a teenager's room who is fond of comics.
MANIERISM: BEAUTIFUL CHIMERA
There was such a stage in European art in the 16th century, which was reflected in the interior decoration. In essence, this is a tendency towards flowery, flowery, ingenuity and illusion. In art, mannerism preached the primacy of form, not content. He also became famous for this in the room style. It is characterized by neglect of planning and composition, the presence of murals and inlays, grotesque, fantastic ornament, and a whole list of "pseudo": pseudo-bas-reliefs and pseudo-splendor, false windows, doors and even curtains, deceiving arches and statues. Admiring one, separately taken element for this style is more important than the integrity of the picture. Details of mannerism in modern dwelling are walls painted or pasted over with specific tapestries (with figurines of mythical animals, angels and allegories), a large number of paintings, major colors and a variety of furniture with bizarre carvings and inlays.
MOROCCAN STYLE: THE TALE OF SHAKHEREZADE
The houses of the inhabitants of Morocco are so distinctive that their traditional way of decoration is rightfully singled out into a separate style. Its distinctive properties are the use of shades characteristic of African, Arab and Asian cultures, a variety of patterns, arches, decorative little things made of wrought metal and porous, unglazed clay. Several bright, contrasting colors triumph in the Moroccan interior - ultramarine and strawberry, gold and purple, turquoise and copper ... Stone or rough wooden floors are covered with variegated handicraft rugs. If they use porcelain stoneware tiles, then they lay out a mosaic, which is also typical for Morocco. The walls are not pasted over - they are only painted, and in the hall and bathroom they are tiled. High ceilings are given the appearance of the firmament, covering them with azure. In rich houses, you can see openwork and multi-layered wooden ceilings. In the niches typical of the Moroccan interior, lamps are reinforced. Closing them with carved or forged bars, they make false windows. High, arched doors are decorated with carvings, windows are equipped with shutters or framed with forged "lace". Furniture, mostly of dark wood, carved. Among the furnishings there are benches, chests, curbstones, footrests. The bed is almost always under a canopy. There are many colorful pillows and cushions on sofas and ottomans. Of course, there are also carpets, and not only on the floor, but also on the walls. Curtains can be plush, brocade, silk - most importantly, folds and tassels. You can add hot Moroccan "spices" to the interior thanks to the accessories: these are brass jugs and ceramic bowls, hookah, copper trays and teapots, terracotta animal figurines.
MILITARY: HOME ADVANCEMENT
It was invented for those who are attracted by the military aesthetics, who love risk and adventure. Signs of military-style housing - a specific range, decor and the same furniture. The most common colors are olive, khaki, marsh, gray, mustard, brown, spotted camouflage. The furniture is emphatically simple, with military-style clear lines. The walls are designed "like bricks", covered with artificial stone or decorative, rough plaster. For sewing curtains, they use canvas, cotton, linen. The bed, it happens, is removed with a camouflage net, placing it like a canopy. They decorate the dwelling with battle canvases, portraits of commanders, heraldry, and weapons. Often, the military interior is enriched with baroque armchairs, velvet curtains, marble busts of military leaders. This technique raises the status of the house from an imaginary dugout to the conditional headquarters of a major strategist.
MINIMALISM: MAXIMUM SPACE
Precision of composition, simplicity and lapidarity of furnishings, lack of decor for decor are the essence of the minimalist style. It is unmistakably recognizable by the small amount of furniture, the space divided into zones, multi-level lighting, the neutral color palette, the shine of glass and metal, by the abundance of natural light that pours through the large windows. The finishing materials are simple, straightforward: untouched brick, untreated wood, concrete or plain plaster. Cabinet furniture with flat surfaces. The shapes of objects are primitive geometric. In the ceiling, they hide the illumination of neon or halogen lamps. Curtains are considered superfluous, they are replaced with roller shutters. Minimalism, however, is not as monotonous as it seems at first glance. After all, he has a lot of disguises: there are Scandinavian, Japanese varieties, industrial and ecological minimalism. By adding one or another of the related styles, it is easy to create not just a business, but not devoid of originality, comfortable environment.
MODERN: AESTHETIC SENSE
The Art Nouveau years fell on the end of the nineteenth century. However, even today there are many who want to plunge into the abyss of sublime luxury, which is promoted by modernity. Style requisites: a lot of hard and valuable wood, plasticity and figurativeness of lines, curved like swan necks of stairs, rounded openings, bas-reliefs, patterns in the form of lilies, irises, dragonflies, stained glass windows, artistic forging. The ceilings are decorated with both wood and plaster stucco moldings, caissons and moldings. The walls are sheathed with panels of expensive wood and draped with light silk. The best option for the floor is scenic parquet. The furniture is compact, wooden, flowing, fancy shape, with sophisticated carvings and inlays. Art Nouveau colors - pearl, sky blue, ash pink, muted lavender. Textiles - curtains and curtains made of rich fabrics with patterns of poppies, orchids or peacock feathers. The light is emitted by chandeliers with matte shades, sconces in the form of candelabra. Antique clocks, canvases and several vases from an antique shop will complete the work on creating the interior.
NEOCLASSICS: GENTLE POSITION
Style for those who appreciate solid, timeless and fashionable things, without rejecting the innovations of progress. Signs of neoclassicism - a sense of proportion, rejection of excesses, natural colors and "eternal" decorative details: stucco, borders, mirrors. The walls are painted or pasted over with wallpaper in cream, blue, pistachio tones, the floors are covered with a light board, the ceilings are given white color, decorated with discreet stucco molding. Doorways are sometimes decorated with pilasters. The elegant furniture in light or red wood is symmetrically positioned in relation to the center; the living room usually has a fireplace. The fashionable chandelier is "helped" by sconces and floor lamps. The curtains are dense, to the floor, possibly with lambrequins, but of a restrained form. The room is "refreshed" with a large, expressive mirror, several paintings and fresh flowers in elegant vases.
GERMAN STYLE: CONSISTENCY AND SUFFICIENCY
Hardworking, economic Germans have brought a lot of ideas to the building and development treasury. Durability, solidity, comfort - these are the three pillars of the German style. It is impracticable without high-quality finishing materials, an ideal, once and for all thought out order for all objects and things. About color: most of all, the Germans are impressed by the shades of wood, therefore, inside the German mansions, you can observe their various combinations: chestnut and golden walnut, yew and the color of bog oak. In this color, most often, the walls are decorated. To match the floors: once only wood, but today they use both laminate and tiles of "wooden" shades. The ceiling is painted white, highlighting the textured beams with dark cherry, chocolate or graphite. However, in recent years, they have often resorted to tensioning structures. No cornices and borders; frames of large windows are light in appearance, without "bells and whistles". There are almost always roof windows as well. The furniture is an example of classic lines. Pragmatic tables, comfortable but austere sofas, square, stable chairs made of natural wood. The role of textiles is traditional: these are cushions, covers on armchairs and chairs, tablecloths, as well as matte curtains without fringes and ruffles. Crystal chandeliers, lamps with wrought iron fragments are not held in high esteem. Simple frosted glass shades are preferred. Rooms are decorated with paintings, family portraits, vases, souvenir beer mugs.
ONTO-ART: THE ART OF BEING
Onto-art in interior design allows you to create a fresh, soulful interior, not devoid of convenience. This style is characterized by: a practical and comfortable environment, a natural color palette, high-quality, eco-friendly finishing materials, good lighting and, of course, the ubiquitous presence of onto-art images.
OTTOMAN STYLE: TRADITIONS OF THE EAST
The Ottoman interior combines a mixture of Arabic, African and Indian canons. Smooth lines, arched openings, graceful patterns, attention to nuances, natural textiles and warm diffused lighting will allow you to embody the Eastern fairy tale in your home!
PARISIAN INTERIOR: ELEGANT AND MODERN
If you consider yourself a romantic person, then you will definitely like the elegant interiors in the Parisian style. The Parisian interior reflects the chic and bohemian sophistication of the capital. Modern Parisian apartments are clean, light-filled spaces that are functional and cozy at the same time. Speaking of materials for furniture, you can delve into the variety that is full of Parisian apartments for a long time. These are classic wooden objects with carved elements, and plastic, and glass, and metal, including chrome-plated or patinated. Parisians are especially fond of natural textiles: velvet, linen, wool and silk, often lace, and even in men's interiors it is found, however, in a more restrained form. Acid shades of pinks, yellows and greens should be left for fusion or kitsch, while Parisian interiors are the focus of moderate color combinations, pure or pastel derivatives, diluted with graphic gray or black. Unique items, now referred to as art objects, are another key feature of Parisian apartments.
PIN-UP: AN INSANE RETRO
Flirtatious and mischievous, pin-up appeared during the Great Depression. The posters with busty blondes were not "strawberries", but just a hint of eroticism. The task of the frivolous pictures was to please the eye, inspire optimism and hope. Time passed ... Beauties jumped out of the drawn plots, embodied in the cinema, on the stage, illuminating cafes and clubs with smiles. You can create a slightly playful, vintage pin-up vibe at home. Finishing materials do not matter: they can be ordinary, pasted over or painted with light colors, walls and ceilings, wooden or tiled floors. The pin-up style is created using accessories. To do this, the house is filled with old advertising posters, portraits of pop divas, decorated with fur pillows in the color of roses and forget-me-nots, plush toys, bottles and powder boxes from the 30s and 40s. From furniture must be soft sofas and poufs, trellises, deep armchairs. Large sofas, striped or checkered patterns, as well as photos of night skyscrapers and vintage cars will help to make the pin-up interior less feminine and frivolous. It would be nice to complement the lighting with lamps under fabric shades and multicolor Tiffany lamps.
POP ART: DISCO KING
Another multicolor, youthful style. Daring and slightly shocking, it took root in the 60s, a period of denim anarchy and backpack revolution. Pop art is characterized by a glossy texture, contrasting color combinations, the presence of acid "flashes", concert posters, portraits and autographs of idols in prominent places (even on pillows, curtains and decorative plates), neon, LED, spotlight lighting, and also use regular bottles and cans as vases. Pop art furniture - armchairs, built-in wardrobes, various comfortable transformers. Sofas are preferably leather, poufs and synthetic armchairs, tables are low, oval or rounded. Heavy wardrobes, sideboards, sideboards were sent to the landfill. To heighten the effect, add light green, laser-lemon, poisonous purple rugs on the floor. Pop art is a harsh and defiant kind of setting, therefore, deciding on it, it is best to limit yourself to only the living room.
POST-MODERNISM: FASHIONABLE ECCENTRIC
Postmodernism in the interior - freedom of creativity, dynamics of lines, variety of forms, symmetry and asymmetry, contrast of textures and textures, original designs. The colors are in priority energetic, with shimmer and fluorescence. There are no uniform rules regarding finishing materials, but walls are diversified with niches, glass, plastic or metal inserts. The ceilings are multi-level, of different heights, one-color. If the floor is covered with carpet, then it is of a vigorous, saturated color. The furnishings are strikingly extravagant. Objects of different shapes, with strict and streamlined lines, trimmed with leather and chrome, wood and plastic, glass and nickel coexist without quarreling. Armchairs and sofas are sometimes so futuristic that the setting seems to be a shot from a utopian film. The impression of unusualness is reinforced by the decor details: vases with knotted bare branches, dried flowers in pots, avant-garde canvases, shocking prints. The lighting is clear, which can be provided by the extraordinary shape of chandeliers and floor lamps with halogen and LED lamps.
PROVENCE: AH, SHARMAN ...
Time passes, and the fashion for the French hinterland remains in the first positions of the style rating. Why? The secret of Provence is in an amazing harmony that combines rustic simplicity and gallant grace, the charm of romanticism and economic ingenuity, splendor of design and modesty of decoration. How can this be achieved? The walls are plastered and painted in milky, caramel, honey, corn shades. They are painted deliberately carelessly, imitating cracks, cracks, patina. Both wild stone and glazed brick are used for decoration. The ceilings in the provincial-French mansion are high and with beams from which utensils, linen bags with herbs and dried flowers are hung. The floors are stone or plank, streaked with time. The curtains on the windows are light, letting in the gentle breeze and the sun's rays. Chintz, cambric and satin are used for their sewing, monochromatic or with a delicate floral pattern. Tablecloths and napkins are usually made of cotton, with embroidery and hemstitching. Aged furniture with a family history. This is evidenced by the family monograms, carved legs, forged openwork inserts. Wicker chairs, painted chests of drawers, and, of course, an open sideboard filled with earthenware bowls and jugs will come to the courtyard. Old household items are everywhere: heavy irons, needlework kits, faience washstands. On the shelves and dressers are photos of grandparents, family patriarchs, bottles and boxes painted using decoupage technique, forged candlesticks, birdcages, glazed walls, framed flowers and butterflies, and pots with lavender on the floor. The interior in Provencal style is a dream shore for everyone tired of the bustle of the metropolis.
RENAISSANCE: ANGELS AND CUPIDS
Having replaced the gloomy Middle Ages, the Renaissance or the Renaissance, it brought on the golden banners the ideals of humanism, interest in man, as well as a fresh look at the old, ancient culture. Landmarks of this style are pilasters, pylons, columns with archivolts and architraves. The lines of the Renaissance are ceremonially strict; rectangle and square dominate among the forms. The walls of such buildings are made of natural but polished stone, a typical stylistic technique - and decorative plaster. Applied, decorating the room inside, also valuable species of wood. The floors were made of either natural stone or solid planks. The ceilings are vaulted, high, with paintings in the center or antique ornaments. The wooden lacquered ceiling is not prohibited either. Furniture typical of that era - a desk with clear lines, a secretaire with an abundance of drawers, armchairs with criss-cross legs, a couch with gilding, a sideboard with inlay and a coffer box. It was made of wood or iron, often with gilding. The surfaces of the objects are decorated with relief antique drawings. Brocade, leather and velvet were popular upholstery materials. The main element of the decor is painting, of course, from the Renaissance. As well as girandoli, majolica vases and dishes. Lion heads, vines, cupids, wreaths, arabesques and griffins are the favorite leitmotif of the Renaissance.
RETRO INTERIOR: RETURN TO ROOMS
Retro style is a reminder that everything new is well forgotten old. Retro designs can be quite varied. The interiors of the 50s, 60s and 70s have certain differences and are a kind of sub-direction of retro style. This, in turn, allows you to choose the most attractive design for your home. When decorating a home in a retro style, special attention is paid to the color scheme, furnishings and accessories.
ROMAN STYLE: ABE, CAESAR!
This kind of setting is a metaphor for ancient Roman grandeur and patrician luxury. Mindful of the atrium as the heart of a Roman villa, interior design should be started from the center of the room. This part is accentuated with an ornament on the floor, a podium arrangement, and a carpet, finally. It is also worth remembering spaciousness and symmetry, two of the most important dimensions of Roman style. The walls are decorated with either plaster, marbled tiles, or expensive, elite wallpaper. If the furniture is noteworthy, then the walls are given a discreet color, not forgetting the stucco molding and niches for statues and vases. Let the ceiling be multi-level, like a dome, which will hide the electric lamps and create the illusion of sunlight. Or you can outline it with beams, arranging caissons, which is also typical for a Roman villa. For the floor, synthetic analogs of natural, noble stone are suitable. A tree underfoot is not typical for Roman dwellings. The style of Roman furniture is a conglomerate of Etruscan roughness, Greek laconicism and generous Egyptian decoration. Chairs and couches with "winged" and streamlined backs, small sofas with bolsters, low tables will transform the home, bringing it closer to the era of Roman heyday. The fabrics are also different. In the bedroom there are fine silks, in the kitchen there is linen. Curtains and pillows with fringes, twisted cords, gold threads. There is no Roman villa without a bath, so you need to try especially hard, recreating ancient Rome, in the bathroom.
ROCOCO: A RARE PEARL
Refinement, carelessness and artistry are the facets of the historical style, which reached its apogee under the magnificent King Louis XIV. Asserting the principles of grace and grace, Rococo had to reject clear lines and monumental forms. They were replaced by asymmetry, curls and rocailles. Chinoiserie, a rococo with a Chinese "accent", demonstrated a special chic. Silks prevailed in chambers and apartments, screens that turned an open space into a secluded corner for heartfelt rendezvous won great success. Tapestries, Chinese porcelain and Chinese dolls, aquariums with goldfish and paintings featuring pagodas, yellow-faced emperors, llamas and concubines were also in vogue. Rococo - exclusive, piece interior. To create it requires a lot of funds and no less conditions. The first of them is the rather large size of the home ownership. After all, the curvature of the walls, carved panels, gilded borders, huge mirrors require space. The central piece in the Rococo drawing room was and remains a fireplace, set in marble. It was decorated with a clock, bronze candelabra, porcelain trinkets, and on top of a mirror in a frantically luxurious frame. A chandelier with candle lamps, pendants in the form of sea shells, bronze or gilded chains is also required. Between the mirrors, it is advisable to strengthen sconces. Rococo furniture of curved lines, varnished, decorated with bronze onlays and jewelery carvings. Typical furnishings are secretaries with secret drawers, canapes, dressers, cardboard boxes, dressing tables with curved, "spider" legs. These charming attributes should be pleasant to the touch and easy to use. Rococo spectrum - watercolors, shimmery gemstones, sparkle of gold.
ROMANIC STYLE: THE KNIGHT'S SHELTER
This style of interior was formed in the Middle Ages behind the thick walls of towers and castles. His disposition is fundamental, power, ponderousness. Among other touches of the Romanesque style are inherent semicircular "barn" doors, the same shape of the window, heavy vaults, steep, semicircular arches, solid columns, stone floors, paintings on religious themes and bronze mirrors. Cylinder and rectangle shapes dominate, stylistic colors - gray, brown, black, green. This is not to say that this gloomy style is devoid of charm. On the contrary, in the Romanesque walls it is safe, and therefore cozy. It is not difficult to create a similarity. The walls are covered with imitation stone; plaster of gray, dull yellow and brown shades is also used. To avoid the impression of burdensomeness, use wood inserts, frescoes, small stained-glass windows. The walls extend into the ceiling smoothly, forming a vault of the same color. Compounding the overall style, it can be decorated with rough rafters. The floors are tiled with mosaic tiles, but it won't be a big crime if you cover it with dark, aged wood parquet. Never without a fireplace: fire is one of the main characters in a harsh Romanesque monastery. The furniture in such a house is unpretentious and even primitive: roughly knitted tables, the same stools, benches. The backs of the chairs are straight, the higher, the higher the status of the owner of the house. Upholstered furniture, Sybarite sofas and armchairs can hopelessly spoil the image of a citadel house. Unwanted guests and cupboards, it is better to hide them or even replace them with the typical monastic chests of that era. It is even more difficult with curtains and curtains, because in the early Christian era, small, stained glass windows were used. If there was a need to obscure the window, this was done with the help of carpets and rough fabric, so the curtains should be dense, inexpressive. The chandelier should be chosen massive, reminiscent of candles in wrought iron chandeliers with chains. You can decorate the Romanesque "cell" with accessories of the knight's time - helmets, swords, and also clay jugs and bowls.
ROMANCE: TO THE MUSIC OF VIVALDI
It is not at all necessary for a romantic-style accommodation to look like a box of chocolates, sugary and sugary. Romanticism in the interior is, first of all, a mood, dreamy, sensitive, sublime. A romantic interior is especially suitable for a boudoir and a nursery. However, in the living room, he can show his best qualities, creating a focus of comfort. The style is characterized by floral motifs, non-coarse, soft materials, pastel colors, crucified accessories, openwork carving and lace, diffused lighting. Sharp lines and angles should be avoided, but unbridled pretentiousness is also not characteristic of the style. Natural materials are suitable: light wood, smooth ceramics, glass. Stucco molding is used on the ceiling, the floors are covered with parquet, the walls are pasted over with wallpaper in a small floral ornament, decorated with mirrors and watercolors. Furniture - rounded silhouettes, with velvety upholstery, carved details, spring-light, even white. Musical instruments, for example, a grand piano, are warmly approved: after all, what can be more romantic than music? Lighting is mainly provided by floor lamps, lampshades, small sconces and candles. In the first roles in a romantic home - smooth, airy, affectionate fabrics. There are many of them: these are pillows, and wide bedspreads, and weightless canopies, and chair covers, and flowing curtains. Decorating the apartment of a romantic, they add a pinch of glamor: mother-of-pearl shades, a silver box, an ivory trifle.
RUSTIC: UNCOMPROMISING NATURALITY
A peculiar mix of American country and Russian hut began to gain popularity in the middle of the last century. The fundamental idea of this design direction is a harmonious combination of natural, natural materials, subject to minimal processing, with the latest technological progress. Brutal and "primitive", but, at the same time, mesmerizingly cozy, this interior becomes a real oasis of peace and quiet for a resident of the metropolis who is tired of constant movement and bustle. Due to its environmental friendliness and versatility, it is equally appropriate both in the design of a country house and in a spacious city apartment.
SCANDINAVIAN STYLE: NATURAL ONLY!
What is good about the style of housing in Scandinavian countries is that you can create it yourself. However, this is not the only plus of the Scandinavian interior style. Its features are an excess of daylight, thanks to panoramic windows, natural, ecological materials, comfortable light wood furniture, optimistic colors. The walls are plastered or covered with linseed, creamy, forget-me-not color paint. A worthy alternative is wood paneling, which, moreover, will divide the space into zones. The floors are also light, parquet or laminate, with pine, alder, linden patterns. The furniture is not bulky, functional, upholstered in leather, suede, cotton and linen. There is no place for thick curtains and curtains, they are replaced with roller shutters, translucent curtains. The concept of getting closer to nature is supported by accessories: clay, straw crafts, vine baskets, patchwork quilts and rugs, dried flowers. Typical detail - landscapes of seascapes and photographs with a marine theme on the walls. The Scandinavian style affirms family values, so it is advisable to hang and arrange family photos as well ...
MEDITERRANEAN STYLE: UNDER SHOOT WAVES
The sea, sun and flowers are the elements that have given their energy to this style. It is easy to recognize it by stone and ceramics, arches, semi-arches, columns and colonnades, chunky furniture, shelves with earthenware, homemade lace. Of course, each individual coastal country has its own style of construction and home improvement, so let's recall the typical and general features. The walls of Mediterranean-style houses are often rustic, sometimes decorated with wood or covered with ceramic plates. The floors are decorated with tiles, and the ceilings are either simply painted or, in addition, decorated with beams. Wooden furniture, often handmade, with forged inserts, tiled tabletops, lacquered details. Of no less importance are the shelves, on which they place clay dishes painted with grape bunches, ruddy peaches, sunny lemons. The color palette can be cold, which is typical for Greece, and warm, as is adored in Italy. The combination of blue, white, rapeseed yellow, emerald or deep pink, as well as various textures in the same room and even on the same wall (plaster, tiles, imitation of fresco painting) make the house original and lively in the south. The decorative function of fabrics in such a dwelling is insignificant, awnings and shutters cope with the duties of curtains. On pillows, bedspreads, you can see simple natural textiles, and tablecloths are trimmed with handicraft, "grandmother's" lace. Mediterranean interior is always an abundance of light. Chandeliers and lamps in the form of lanterns and wall sconces decorated with forging will become "relatives" for him. Gifts of the sea are asked for details: seashells, starfish, beautiful pebbles. And large greens in a clay tub - for example, an orange tree - will bring you closer to the subtropics.
STEAMPUNK: OUT OF THE WORLD
There are a huge number of interior styles that can not only transform, but make the house unique, unique and unique. But all of them were outdone by steampunk - a style, let's not be afraid of a word, fantastic. They say that he appeared thanks to the works of science fiction writers. Its characteristic is the combination of antique furniture and all kinds of mechanisms. Steampunk is a world of gears, nuts, anchors, levers and pistons. Its mission is to remind of the time when the first engine was created, and mechanics with their hitherto unseen inventions took pride of place of alchemists. The materials inherent in the style are metal, glass, wood and stone in the wall decoration. The walls can be covered with smooth, "metallic" paints or pasted over, and the ceiling can be equipped with a dock for "aircraft" by hanging all kinds of zeppelin models. The colors of the interior are gloomy: slate, wood brown, dark cherry. Furniture is either dark or rich in color: armchairs with leather seats and a frame made of tubes, sofas with copper rivets, low tables and cabinets with pull-out, hinged drawers, equipped with special fittings made of bolts and screws. Since a steampunk apartment is a cross between a laboratory and an eccentric mechanic's office, it must have shelves filled with books. Steampunk is not retro, ordinary, albeit very old, mechanical devices will not fit into the style format. The newest devices will spoil the idea too. Steampunk is, rather, a parallel reality, an alternative history, so all "exhibits" must be unusual.
TECHNO: ART AND TECHNOLOGY
Techno-style design is strict geometry, rough raw materials as finishing materials, the combination of living room and kitchen, pipes, communications, spiral staircases as partitions that zone the space, metal accents, sliding furniture and cold, urban colors in the design. The walls are practically not processed, exposing concrete or brickwork. The ceilings are equipped with glossy curtain wall structures in a metallic, silver color, making the room look like the cabin of a futuristic vehicle. The feeling is enhanced by rough metal doors and floors covered with materials that imitate concrete or metal. The furniture is multipurpose: a sofa with shelves, a wardrobe with a secret safe, a coffee table that turns into a dining table. Household appliances are presented in single sets. Lighting is provided by spotlights, lamps on brackets and tripods. From textiles to the techno-interior, only upholstery and a couple of cushions are invited. The windows are protected by blinds. It would seem that the techno style is uncomfortable and rough ... But it not only remains at the top of popularity, but also became the "father" of hi-tech.
FUNCTIONALISM: LET'S EASIER!
Household items should be multifunctional. Their purpose must change depending on the needs of a person, according to the adherents of this style. An interior of this type - rooms that flow into each other, and the minimum amount of furniture that is transformed, performing many functions. Partitions that serve as walls, sometimes doors, sometimes shelves, ergonomic furniture with simple and distinct contours, wardrobes - this is the outward appearance of functionalism. The walls in such apartments, most often, are pasted over with light, beige or gray-blue wallpaper, often adding flashes of bright paint, decorated with wooden panels, brickwork and leaving fragments of concrete. The floors are covered with carpet in a practical, non-marking color. Large windows are covered with blinds or loose, monotonous curtains. Lamps prefer LED, simple, streamlined shapes. The main thing in a functional interior is not walls and windows, but furniture. Almost always these are transformers, armchairs and sofas that follow the contours of the human body, with dense upholstery, not massive in appearance.
FUTURISM: TECHNOLOGICAL MODERNITY
Creative, unusual, modern - this is about futurism! The main properties of this style are: ergonomics, functionality, the latest materials and technologies, as well as maximum free space. Walls, ceilings and furniture can have unusual shapes and configurations. The monochromaticity of the light interior is diluted with bright accents, bringing variety to the color palette. The decor is the latest in household, audio and video equipment ...
FUSION: HOLIDAY FOREVER
Fusion knows how to embrace the immensity: to compose a whole from contradictory stylistic components. He does not need any written rules or advice from designers: the fusion environment is created at the behest of emotions. The main thing is to achieve a stylish and bright picture. Materials? - What's the difference! Colors? - The most crazy combinations: green, pink, purple, yellow ... Furniture? - Unpredictable shapes, but not cheap look. The decor is more often a plant print and figurines of jungle animals as a transparent hint of a riot of fantasy. Fusion is a fan of all kinds of textiles, Persian carpets and animal skins, Roman blinds and artless curtains, soft pillows in patterns and patchwork rugs ... Everything is possible in this house! The same can be said about lighting: they use impressive-looking chandeliers, built-in shades, lamps under hoods, and lighting on furniture. A variety of vintage, antique and exotic objects are ideal for fusion space: sun mirror from the Art Deco era, Bohemian glass, bone figures, fans and papyri.
HI-TEK: AHEAD OF TIME
Space, convenience and the dictates of the latest technology are the code to which this style obeys unconditionally. There is no place for random things in a high-tech house. If bare concrete does not inspire, it is permissible to paint the wall or paste over with wallpaper in metallic colors. The ceiling is often decorated with decorative beams. The floors are wood, laminate or heated tiles, of course. Furniture made of modern synthetics, glass and stainless steel, light and without decor. In favor are book tables, glass cabinets, from which, without spending an extra second, you can get the necessary thing, built-in compartments, low transforming sofas. There is a lot of light. It is emitted by ceiling and side lamps of abstract shapes, clothespin lamps, floor lamps on chrome legs. Textiles are devoid of decorative "sound". The windows are covered with blinds, roller shutters or roller blinds. However, in order to soften the spartan atmosphere of the situation, you can also hang curtains - from dense, without frills, fabric with a metallic sheen. Of the decorations, abstract panels, digital frames, a large aquarium with fish are allowed. A find for hi-tech - techno-art figures: a pen holder in the form of a miniature bike, souvenir cars, chrome dinosaur skeletons and metal sailboats. But the main items of decor and pride in a high-tech house are the latest technology: monitors, screens, displays, system units and consoles, which give the style a characteristic, inimitable gloss.
HYUGGE: THE SECRET OF DANISH HAPPINESS
Hygge is everything that is connected with comfort, giving a feeling of happiness. Imagine: it's frosty outside the window, and you are sitting in a soft armchair, wrapped in a fluffy blanket, sipping tea from your favorite cup and pensively squinting at the fireplace… This cozy feeling is hygge! The main features of the style: natural materials; light, pleasant colors; warm, wooden floors; an abundance of lighting fixtures, candles; little things dear to the heart; pillows, blankets, carpets, natural decor; vintage.
SHABBIE CHIC: CUTE FUNCTIONS
Shabby Chic is the brainchild of British designer Rachel Asheville. At flea markets, at sales, she found old furniture, restored, decorated, changed the upholstery ... and sold with increasing success. Today "shabby chic" is a favorite resident of many homes. An apartment in the shabby chic style is: white and pastel colors, authentic pieces of furniture from different eras (baroque, rococo, Victorianism ...), romantic motives, the presence of hand-made crafts and the constancy of living, more often spring flowers. Floors are often light, made of parquet boards, laminate or tiles. The ceiling is pristine white, with light stucco moldings, light beams. The walls are whitewashed or painted in warm colors, pasted over with wallpaper with delicate and faded bouquets, cherubs, thin stripes. But for furniture you will have to go not to a modern salon, but to a flea market. Or in the attic. Old dressers, sideboards, coffee tables, dressing tables with carved filigree legs, armchairs and beds with through-headboards are first restored, covered with light paint, deftly emphasizing or imitating abrasions, patina and cracks. The highlight of this style is false fireplaces with paintings, flower arrangements, scented candles. And also surprise items: a tea table from painted and old suitcases, a bedside table from a vintage fruit box. The role of textiles is not belittled, he is a full-fledged player: covers and capes with flounces and bows are sewn on armchairs and sofas, pillowcases with embroidered peonies are put on pillows, tables are covered with linen and tablecloths, windows are curtained with light organza. However, it is a mistake to think that only thin fabrics are to the taste of the style; burlap is also used, combining it with lace and ribbons. Crystal chandeliers with bunches of pendants and beads, as well as floor lamps with colorful, cheerful lampshades will successfully complement the style.
ECLECTICS: BREAKING THE PATTERNS
The objects of the past, present and partly the future are trying to put together an eclectic style in one composition. And the balance is achieved, thanks to certain tricks. The main one is that all different-style things should match each other in color, be combined either by the similarity of texture or shape. Curtains, throws and pillows are combined according to the same principle. The ceiling and walls are painted or pasted over with materials of an indifferent color to further create bright, contrasting spots, panels or painted fragments. Often they use tiles, densely mottled with ornaments. For the floor, any option is acceptable, as well as carpets and rugs from different style eras. The furniture is also of different ages: a carved sideboard, inherited, and a fashionable velor sofa, a restored chest of drawers and a plastic bar stool. The main thing is to remind that these items match well in shades. It is customary to curtain windows with tulle and heavy curtains with fringes, with hooks. The fixtures in the eclectic home are as varied as the decor items. Why throw away your old service? Why get rid of souvenirs that someone once brought long ago? There is a use and a place for everything.
ECOLOGICAL STYLE: GRASS BY THE BED
The further a person is from nature, the more he yearns for it. This is evidenced by the ecological style popular among the inhabitants of large "anthills". His resume is based on natural materials, abundance of light, soft colors, natural fabrics, lively, green decor. The walls of such dwellings need wood, cork, wild stone or ceramics. It can be panels, rough tiles, and bamboo wallpapers. Decorative plaster is not excluded. The ceiling is simple, no hinged structures. The floors are paved with a board, parquet, on which it is tempting to walk barefoot, especially since they are covered with rugs with imitation of grass, mats made of straw or hemp. Furniture - from a variety of natural gifts: wood, rattan, reeds, vines, bamboo. Even soft items, armrests and backrests have wooden inserts. Stone details (for example, a table support), as well as glass as countertops, will not spoil the overall picture. For decoration, live greens are widely used: it can be climbing plants covering the wall with a succulent carpet, as well as compositions in bottles and glasses - florariums.
ETHNOSTIL: JOURNEY HOME
He has as many hypostases as there are ethnic groups in the world. Someone is drawn to someone else's, intriguing, unusual, and someone seeks to emphasize their own national identity. With the help of ethnic design, you can "move" to Egypt, Mexico, India, China ... Or you can stay at home, returning to the cultural origins of your native people. Are there general rules or at least tips that are universal for all types of ethnicity? Of course. The finishing materials and the range of shades should be characteristic of the monasteries of a particular ethnic group. Ethno-style is a bottomless source of inspiration! For example, if the style is a la russe, then the emphasis should be on wood, avoiding finishing materials unusual for Russian towers. The authenticity of the furnishings will be deepened by typical furnishings - a bench, a chest, small carved benches. It is clear that you should not curtain sofas and windows with silks and velvet, but choose linen, cotton, chintz for textile decoration.
JAPANESE STYLE: EXOTIC FRAGRANCE
This type of ethnic interior is one of the most popular in Europe and Russia. The phenomenon is easily explained: Japanese dwellings outside and inside are the standard of fragile, delicate simplicity. Everything is good in such houses: work, contemplate nature through large panoramic windows, reflect on Zenbuddhism and meditate. Japanese style does not flaunt expensive jewelry, trinkets brought from far away, or family photographs. But the Japanese interior has its advantages. This is, for example, high environmental friendliness. After all, the Japanese use wood, rattan, bamboo, matting to decorate the house. The layout of Japanese dwellings is free, without internal walls and corners. Movable screens cope with the functions of partitions, easily transforming one room into two. Furniture in Japanese houses is only vital, all cabinets and shelves for storing things are hidden in the walls. The furnishings are low, which makes the room seem taller and larger. The color scheme is a play of "wooden" tones, from gray-olive to dark brown, deep cherry and charcoal black. It is worth knowing that the combination of light and dark, so characteristic of the Japanese style, pursues not only an aesthetic goal, but corresponds to Japanese philosophy with its doctrine of the unity of yin and yang. The light in the Japanese interior is muted, diffused, thanks to paper lanterns and silk lampshades painted with hieroglyphs. The hieroglyph, in general, is one of the creators of this style: sacramental signs can be seen on furniture, screens and dishes. Textiles are not widely used. Cotton seating mattresses, tatami upholstery and screens, that's about it. The Japanese rarely decorate windows with fabrics, content with specific, screen curtains made of wooden frames with lattice and rice paper. The decor is laconic, but present: a little porcelain, an engraving on the wall, a set for a tea ceremony, seasonal ikebana, a Buddha figurine and a bonsai will create a quiet and dreamy corner of the Land of the Rising Sun in a European home.